Acknowledgment of Parenthood (AOP) after the birth

When the parents of a child are not married or have not entered into an unmarried partnership, the father or the same-sex mother (not the birth mother) can formally acknowledge parenthood. This can be done during the entire lifespan of a child, even when he is of age.

Conditions

  • The person acknowledging parenthood must appear in person when acknowledging the child.
  • Is the child younger than 12 years old? Then the birth mother must give permission for the acknowledgement of parenthood.
  • Is the child between 12 and 16 years old? Then permission is required from both the birth mother and the child.
  • Is the child older than 16 years old? Then only the permission of the child is needed for the acknowledgement. The child must then appear in person during the acknowledgement because the child must declare in person which surname he/she will have.

Use this form for permission from the mother:

Permission from the mother for acknowledgement (in Dutch) (PDF, 11,4 kB)
  • Do you want the child (younger than 16) to get the surname of the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman)? Then the birth mother has to appear in person during the acknowledgement of the first child for permission and to choose the surname.
  • If the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman) of the first child wants to acknowledge any later-born children, then the birth mother only has to give written permission. These children will get the same surname as the first child.
  • Are one or both of the parents not registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) of the Municipality of The Hague? Then the Municipality of The Hague must first check the personal details at the municipality where the parent(s) is registered.

For more information go to the website of the Dutch government: Birth of a child.

What you need for the AOP

  • a valid form of identification for the birth mother, a valid form of identification for the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman) and, if available, a valid form of identification for the child.
  • if applicable, the permission form from the mother for acknowledgement.

Does the birth mother, the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman) and/or the child live abroad or was the child born outside of the Netherlands? Then you may need more documents. Make an appointment using the green button below.

Make an appointment

To acknowledge the child after the birth, you need to make an appointment at a city office.

Make an appointment

Consequences of acknowledgment after the birth

The consequences of acknowledging parenthood after the birth are:

  • The parent acknowledging parenthood will become (partially) financially responsible for the child.
  • A connection between the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman) and the child will be established according to the law of inheritance.
  • The child will get the surname of the birth mother at birth. Would you like the child to get the surname of the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman)? Then the surname can be chosen of the person acknowledging parenthood. The declaration of surname choice can only be done for the first child of the same parents. When declaring the surname choice, both the birth mother and the person acknowledging parenthood have to appear in person.
  • Is the birth mother not a Dutch national, but the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman) is? If the child is acknowledged before he is 7 years old, he will automatically get Dutch nationality from the person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman). Is the child 7 years or older? Then other rules apply. More information about this can be found on the website of the Immigration and Naturalisation Service: Dutch citizen by birth or acknowledgement.

    Parental responsibility

    The person acknowledging parenthood (man/woman) does not get parental responsbility for the child. If you would like this, you will need to arrange it separately. More information can be found on the website of the Dutch government: Parental responsibility and guardianship.

    Fees

    None

    How long does it take?

    If all the conditions are met, the acknowledgment certificate will be drawn up immediately.