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Deportation of Jews from The Hague began 75 years ago

Gepubliceerd: 21 August 2017Laatste wijziging: 25 September 2017

At the outbreak of the Second World War broke out The Hague had approximately 17,000 Jewish inhabitants. It was the second largest Jewish community in the Netherlands. Between August 1942 and April 1943 the majority of The Hague’s Jewish residents were deported to Westerbork and then on to concentration or extermination camps. These deportations began on 18 August 1942.

August 1942: first deportations from The Hague

The deportations of The Hague’s Jews to the Nazi concentration and extermination camps began in August 1942 – 75 years ago this year. Thousands of Jewish residents of The Hague received a summons to report to the Station Staatsspoor (now Central Station).

On 18 August 1942 1,200 Hague Jews were taken from Station Staatsspoor to Camp Westerbork. This was a much smaller amount than the 4,000 Jews who were called up for the deportation. This was why the German occupiers decided to arrest Jewish residents in their homes.  

Police raid

The first police raid took place in Scheveningen during the evening of 22 August 1942. The Hague’s police force was ordered to arrest Jews whose names were printed on the lists. They confiscated the house keys, herded the people under arrest in the Royal Academy of Art on the Prinsessegracht and then sent them on to Westerbork. They were the first of the more than 12,000 Jewish residents of The Hague who went to Westerbork and ultimately ended up in the concentration and extermination camps. The vast majority of them were killed in the camps.

Read more?

The website of the Jewish Heritage Foundation The Hague (Stichting Joods Erfgoed Den Haag) published an article in Dutch about the events 75 years ago (written by Dr. Corien Glaudemans, academic staff member at The Hague Municipal Archives) and a story by Mr. Fokke Zwaan about the Raphalowiz family, who was in the first train from Station Staatsspoor to Westerbork.

Foto's collectie Haags Gemeentearchief van synagoge, bordjes Voor Joden Verboden en Station Staatsspoor