Voting in the Dutch parliamentary elections if you live abroad

On 17 March 2021 you will again be able to vote as a Dutch voter abroad during the Dutch parliamentary elections. You can vote by post or with a voter card. You can also authorise someone to vote on your behalf.

Voting in the parliamentary elections

Are you living outside of the Netherlands? And would you like to vote? Then you need to be registered as a Dutch voter abroad. The deadline to register as a Dutch voter abroad is 3 February 2021.

If you are registered as a voter, you will automatically receive all the information and documents you need to be able to vote for every election.

Ways of voting

The standard way of voting for Dutch voters abroad is to vote by post. The downside to this is that you are dependent on the mail service. In some countries the mail service is slow. Or the service is unreliable, for example due to the coronavirus. You could decide to vote by proxy. Voting with a voter card could also be an idea if you live in the border region or if you will be in the Netherlands on election day. Decide which way of voting would work out best for you.

  • Are you registered as a Dutch voter abroad? Then you will receive your voting papers by post and/or email. The municipality will send you your postal voting slip (the voting pass for Dutch voters abroad) by post 12 weeks before the election. Or immediately once you have registered. The municipality will also send you a ballot envelope and a return envelope. Approximately 4 weeks before the election the municipality will send you the ballot and voting instructions. Normally you receive these documents by email, but it is also possible to receive them by post if you indicated this preference on the registration form.  

    You then send the signed postal voting slip, the completed ballot and a copy of your valid identity document to the postal voting office. This address is printed on the return envelope. Your voting papers must arrive by at 15.00 hrs. on 17 March 2021 (local time of the country where the postal voting office is located).

    You are also allowed to send the envelope to or hand it in at the Netherlands embassy in the country where you live. It needs to be turned in by 7 March at the latest. These votes will be forwarded to the postal voting office in The Hague.

    Please note: you cannot mail in your vote until you have received your ballot.

  • When you vote by proxy you authorise somebody in a Dutch municipality to vote on your behalf. This is called authorising somebody (through a proxy). If you would like to authorise somebody to vote on your behalf in the Dutch parliamentary elections, you need to fill in a form. The municipality must receive your form by 3 February 2021.
  • A voter card (kiezerspas) is a pass which enables you to cast your vote yourself at a polling station in the Netherlands. If you would like to vote with a voter card in the Dutch parliamentary elections, you need to fill in a form. The municipality must receive your form by 3 February 2021. Your voter card will be sent to the address you have provided. You can vote everywhere in the Netherlands with the voter card. Also in Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.

Keep your address up to date

Are you moving to another address abroad? Notify the municipality through the page Change your address as a Dutch voter abroad.

Temporarily abroad

Will you be abroad temporarily on 17 March 2021 during the Dutch parliamentary elections? For example for your work, studies or holiday? And are you registered in a Dutch municipality or in Bonaire, Sint Eustatius or Saba? If so, you can vote by proxy or with a postal voting slip.

More information

Do you have any questions? Contact the Elections Unit at the Municipality of The Hague.

Also see Dutch voters abroad

Published: 16 October 2020Modified: 22 October 2020